Risk drug legalization in Romania - Opportunity or threat?10 giugno 2017 -
[Contributo selezionato da Filodiritto tra quelli pubblicati nei Proceedings “Fifth International Conference Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Quasi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders – SPECTO 2016”]
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[Contribution selected by Filodiritto among those published in the Proceedings “Fifth International Conference Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Quasi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders – SPECTO 2016”]
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NICA Remus1, Bălăuţă Dănuţ1, Vlaicu Luiza1
1West University of Timişoara (ROMANIA)
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The topic of drugs, drug use but also the debate on the legalization of soft drugs is a question with many shades, which stirs controversy globally. Drugs are classified even by the legislature in risk drugs and high-risk drugs. Although we cannot consider that Romania is in the situation of other countries faced with extreme violence associated with drug trafficking, the negative effects of criminalization are beginning to be felt. Drug smuggling rings have appeared and once a “classic” drug is harder to be found on the market, a new one arises immediately, while consumption is increasing instead of decreasing. If we look at other countries we observe that, although for years they have fought to stop drug use, using important human and financial resources, they still have thousands of victims, networks of organized crime and corruption. Among other arguments in favour for legalization we mention their use for medical purposes (e.g. for cancer patients), decreased crime associated with drugs, budget revenues. In contrast, the arguments against refer to the harmful effects on health, the addictive nature of drugs, facilitating the access of minors to the drug. This article discusses the pros and cons of legalizing risk drugs in Romania.
A drug refers to any plant, animal or mineral substance which is used in the preparation of medicine or as a drug .
In the latest amendments to legal acts of the field, the legislature has preferred to use the term “psychoactive substances” for “narcotic products or medicine with similar effects” or “drugs”.
In Romania, consumption and trafficking of drugs is regulated by Law no. 143/2000 to prevent and combat illicit drug trafficking and consumption, as amended and supplemented. By this regulation, drugs are classified into risk drugs and high-risk drugs and the penalties are harsh and differentiated according to this classification, as well as the activity, the following being punishable: cultivation, production, manufacturing, experimenting, extracting, preparation, transformation, offering, offering for sale, selling, distributing, any kind of delivering, sending, transporting, purchase, possession, even for personal consumption or other operations, getting drugs in or out of the country as well as import or export, and high-risk prescription drugs given intentionally by a physician, without being necessary from a medical standpoint.
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