Identity Resilience04 luglio 2018 -
Contributo selezionato da Filodiritto tra quelli pubblicati nei Proceedings “6th International Conference Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Quasi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders - SPECTO 2017”
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Contribution selected by Filodiritto among those published in the Proceedings “6th International Conference Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Quasi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders - SPECTO 2017”
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 National University School for Political Sciences and Public Administration, Bucharest (ROMANIA) Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
On the basis of the ethnic communities there is the ethnic identity consisting in common values such as language, culture, costumes. Because these values represent the hardcore of the community way of living, many times the relation between different ethnic communities within a larger society were characterized by dispute or even conflicts. From the national and international security point of view, important is not only to prevent an identity conflict, but also to restore a situation after such situation, to find solution for restoring the social system, balancing different sets of values in a national or multinational society. This article intends to identify ways and means for setting up a coherent legislative and institutional framework which can assure a peacefully coexistence between a majority and different ethnic groups and/or national minorities within the existing society, at the national or international level, this process being nominated as identity resilience.
National minority concept defines a social group within a certain society, having ethnic differences to majority and others minorities. Even is a relative new concept, being established at the beginning of the XX century, it refers to an older social reality called ethnic group, which define a community having common features as language, costumes, traditions and sometimes even the religion faith.
Ethnic groups found in various periods of time and because of different reasons. For example, during Middle Age or even earlier, the pilgrims settled in areas inhabited by a certain population living there. Another situation is the exodus of the indigenes from their motherland to the colonial metropolis where they have settled, or vice versa, the colonist settled in the colonial realm, and the inhabitants became an ethnic minority. One of the most frequent reasons for the ethnic groups’ settlers is the economical one, individuals migrating to find better live conditions.
For our paper, it is important to focus on another historical context generating ethnic groups, the end of the First world war, and the new international system based on Woodrow Wilson principles.
As the national states have founded on self-determination basis, all the people had been within the three Emperies (Austro – Hungarian, Tsarist and Ottoman) have set up their sovereign state.
Obviously, that were impossible to have in each new state a pure nation, anyway it would have been drown the borders, having in mind the rich and diversity of the migration and the populations shifts in Europe during the history.
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