A Family with Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

Case Report
Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome
Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome


Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (SCS) is a rare genetic disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, characterized by coronal synostosis, facial asymmetry, syndactyly, ptosis and ear anomalies. Even among affected individuals in the same family, the signs of SCS can vary widely. Most cases of SCS are caused by mutations in the TWIST1 gene. We present a familial case of Saethre-Chotzen (2 siblings and their mother) diagnosed in Iași Medical Genetics Center, in order to identify the clinical particularities of each member of the family. The cases were confirmed using MS-MLPA which identifies the mutation in the TWIST1 gene. Mother (51 years old): normal growth, acrocephaly, dysmorphic face, facial asymmetry, syndactyly of the 2nand 3rfinger, deafness, mild intellectual disability. Daughter (16 years old): growth deficiency, acrocephaly, dysmorphic face, facial asymmetry, left ptosis, small ears, hypermobile joints, partial syndactyly of the 2nd and 3rd finger, deafness, excessive aggressivity, moderate intellectual disability. Son (15 years old): normal growth, acrocephaly, mild dysmorphic features, mild facial asymmetry, bilateral ptosis, syndactyly of the 2nd and 3rd finger, 5th finger clinodactyly, hypermobile joints, deafness, excessive aggressivity, mild intellectual disability. From the motherʼs family history we discovered that the maternal grandfather, as well as his mother present the same facial features and seem to be affected, but a genetic examination and testing were not possible. In conclusion, we present this family to underline the importance of systematic and multidisciplinary approach for individual and family management.


Tablet of Contents:

1. Introduction

2. Clinical reports

3. Discussion


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The Authors:

CALAPOD Ștefana-Patricia [1]

GÎRNEȚ Galina [1]

GAVRIL Eva [1][2]

RESMERIȚĂ Irina [1][2]


POPESCU Roxana [1][2]

NZARU Monica [1][2]

BUTNARIU Lăcrămioara [1][2]

RUSU Cristina [1][2]

[1] “St.Mary” Children’s Hospital Iasi – Medical Genetics Center, Iasi, (ROMANIA)

[2] Gr. T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi ş Department of Medical Genetics, (ROMANIA)


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