Public Prosecution Service in the Political System of the Slovak Republic: Really Politically Independent Public Authority?09 giugno 2018 -
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1 University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bučianska 4/A, 917 01 Trnava, (SLOVAK REPUBLIC) Email: email@example.com.
Slovak Public Prosecution Service, as one of the constitutional institutions in the State performs extremely important functions. For the purpose of their consistent performance, the legislator conferred wide range of powers to public prosecution office. The proper use of these powers, however, is possible only in an independent environment. In an environment that does not allow abusing the granted powers to promote individual or political interests. The question of independence of Slovak Public Prosecution Office is therefore subject to constant discussions, not only among law specialists. In this paper, the author offers a brief analysis of the current status of independence of Slovak Public Prosecution Office and outlines possible solutions.
Public Prosecution Service is one of those public authorities that perform a major role in the society, especially in the field of public prosecution and supervision of compliance with the law. Public Prosecutor’s Office as the representative of public interest must therefore act objectively, regardless of any individual or political interest. It is also this reason why the basic requirements necessary for the proper functioning of public prosecution service include the requirement of its independence. However, the independence itself, respectively the level of its legislative regulation, is subject to continuous professional discussions, in which the real independence of public prosecution service or its necessity is either questioned or in which the emphasis is placed on the need for the absolute independence of the public prosecution and its securing. For this reason, in this paper we will try to briefly analyse the real status of independence of the Slovak public prosecution service.